[ OCAT深圳馆 | 展览解析#3 ] 实验摄影(1990-2006)

2018-10-11 18:00 浏览:220 A+ | A-

中国当代摄影四十年(1976-2018)

40 YEARS OF 

CHINESE CONTEMPORARY PHOTOGRAPHY


 第三部分 / Part Three 


实验摄影(1990-2006)

Experimental Photography (1990-2006)

 

至80年代末,新潮摄影在很大程度上已经完成了在中国重建摄影艺术的历史使命。更有当代气息的新一代“实验摄影”开始取而代之,与方兴未艾的前卫艺术联手共进。从时间上看虽然实验摄影于80年代末已经出现,但直到90年代中期才形成实验艺术领域中的一个具有影响力的潮流。实验摄影家通常和实验艺术家一起生活和工作,在同样的独立艺术展中展出他们的作品。随着实验艺术的迅速国际化,实验摄影也得到参加国际大展的机会并开始为全球艺术市场提供商品。在这个新的环境中,实验摄影家一方面在国内具有另类地位,另一方面也与国外美术馆、策展人以及画廊发展了合作关系。


By the end of the 1980s, the New Wave Movement had largely accomplished its historical mission of restoring photography’s status as an art in China. A new kind of photography with a stronger experimental intent emerged and allied itself with the burgeoning avant-garde art. Chronologically, this photography first emerged in the late 1980s, but only became a powerful trend as of the early to mid-1990s. Experimental photographers often lived and worked together with experimental artists, and showed their works almost exclusively in unofficial exhibitions. Following the rapid globalization of experimentala rt during this period, works of experimental photography appeared in increasing frequency in international exhibitions while also becoming a commodity in the global art market. In this new environment, these photographers could claim an alternative status domestically, while at the same time collaborating with international museums, curators, and dealers abroad. 


[ OCAT深圳馆 | 展览解析#3 ]  实验摄影(1990-2006),深圳馆,实验,#3,OCAT,摄影家,合剂,潮流,东村,出版物,二维码

洪磊 / Hong Lei

紫禁城的秋天(太和殿东回廊) / Forbidden City Fall (Taihe Hall East Corridor)

彩色合剂冲印 / C-print1997
102.7×85cm


三个事件对实验摄影运动的形成起到关键作用。一是东村艺术群体在北京出现,聚集了行为艺术家、实验摄影家和实验性画家。他们大多数来自地方省份,在共同兴趣的促动下施行了富有冲击力的实验艺术项目。这种合作也预示了实验艺术在此时期的一个双向发展:当实验摄影家日趋将自己的作品设计成行为表演,实验艺术家也越来越被摄影吸引,不但从摄影中获取灵感并且开始自己拍摄和制作摄影图片。


[ OCAT深圳馆 | 展览解析#3 ]  实验摄影(1990-2006),深圳馆,实验,#3,OCAT,摄影家,合剂,潮流,东村,出版物,二维码

荣荣 / RongRong

1994.No.1,“北京东村”系列 / 1994. No.1, East Village Series

明胶银盐 / Gelatin Silver Print1994
60.9×50.8cm


[ OCAT深圳馆 | 展览解析#3 ]  实验摄影(1990-2006),深圳馆,实验,#3,OCAT,摄影家,合剂,潮流,东村,出版物,二维码
[ OCAT深圳馆 | 展览解析#3 ]  实验摄影(1990-2006),深圳馆,实验,#3,OCAT,摄影家,合剂,潮流,东村,出版物,二维码

宋冬 / Song Dong 

哈气 / Breathing

彩色合剂冲印 / C-print1996
180×120cm


[ OCAT深圳馆 | 展览解析#3 ]  实验摄影(1990-2006),深圳馆,实验,#3,OCAT,摄影家,合剂,潮流,东村,出版物,二维码
[ OCAT深圳馆 | 展览解析#3 ]  实验摄影(1990-2006),深圳馆,实验,#3,OCAT,摄影家,合剂,潮流,东村,出版物,二维码

郑国谷 / Zheng Guogu

阳江青年的越轨行为No.1 / No.2

The Vagarious Life of Yangjiang Youth No.1 / No.2

彩色合剂冲印 / C-print1996 / 2017
100×61cm


Three events were pivotal in the formation of the experimental photography movement.First was the establishment of the East Village community in Beijing, a gathering of performance artists, experimental photographers, and avant-gardepainters. Most of these artists emigrated from the provinces, who discovered common interests and began to conduct collaborative experimental art projects.This type of collaboration was also indicative of a bi-directional development in experimental art at the time: experimental photographers increasingly envisioned and designed their works as performances, and many experimental artists were increasingly attracted by photography, not only deriving inspiration from it but also making photographs themselves. 

 

[ OCAT深圳馆 | 展览解析#3 ]  实验摄影(1990-2006),深圳馆,实验,#3,OCAT,摄影家,合剂,潮流,东村,出版物,二维码
[ OCAT深圳馆 | 展览解析#3 ]  实验摄影(1990-2006),深圳馆,实验,#3,OCAT,摄影家,合剂,潮流,东村,出版物,二维码

缪晓春 / Miao Xiaochun

渡,“新都市现实”系列 / 

Ferry, The New Urban Reality series

数字微喷 / Inkjet Print2002
96×240cm


王劲松 / Wang Jinsong

标准家庭 / Standard Family

数字微喷 / Inkjet Print1996 / 2017 

140×300cm


[ OCAT深圳馆 | 展览解析#3 ]  实验摄影(1990-2006),深圳馆,实验,#3,OCAT,摄影家,合剂,潮流,东村,出版物,二维码

杨福东 / Yang Fudong

情氏物语之四季青 2 / 

The Evergreen Nature of Romantic Stories 2

数字微喷 / Inkjet Print1999 / 2017
110×78cm


[ OCAT深圳馆 | 展览解析#3 ]  实验摄影(1990-2006),深圳馆,实验,#3,OCAT,摄影家,合剂,潮流,东村,出版物,二维码

苍鑫 / Cang Xin

150-6 京剧女 / Beijing Opera Actress, 

Identity Exchange series, Performance Photography

数字微喷 / Inkjet Print2000
85×68cm


第二个事件是新型的实验摄影出版物的出现,其中最重要的是1996年以复印技术出版的《新摄影》。此外,称作“黑皮书”、“白皮书”和“灰皮书”的一套无标题独立出版物把摄影作为实验艺术的重要媒介进行介绍,提供了最早出版的东村行为艺术照片和许多代表性实验艺术家的观念摄影作品。


The second event was the appearance of new kinds of experimental photography publications, the most important of which was the photocopied NewPhoto (Xin sheying) in 1996. In addition, a set of untitled privately published volumes—known as The Book With a Black Cover (Heipi shu), The Book with a White Cover (Baipi shu), and The Book With a GreyCover (Huipi shu)—introduced experimental photography as an important branch of experimental art, providing the earliest reproductions of EastVillage performance photographs, as well as conceptual photographic works by a number of representative experimental artists.


[ OCAT深圳馆 | 展览解析#3 ]  实验摄影(1990-2006),深圳馆,实验,#3,OCAT,摄影家,合剂,潮流,东村,出版物,二维码
[ OCAT深圳馆 | 展览解析#3 ]  实验摄影(1990-2006),深圳馆,实验,#3,OCAT,摄影家,合剂,潮流,东村,出版物,二维码

盛奇 / Sheng Qi

我的左手-记忆 / My Left Hand - Memory

数字微喷 / Inkjet Print2000 / 2017
54.1×80.3 cm


张大力 / Zhang Dali

拆-故宫1998125B / 

Demolition-Forbidden City 1998125B

明胶银盐 / Gelatin Silver Print1998
100×150cm

(由三影堂摄影艺术中心提供,版权属于艺术家)


第三件大事是观念摄影的流行。《新摄影》第三期的前言只有一句话:“观念进入中国摄影时,就好像尘封多年的屋子里突然开启的一扇窗户,我们可以舒服地呼吸,可以获得‘摄影’的义”。在这个潮流中,摄影家把概念和话语置于表现之上,通过艺术实验解构现实。他们不再致力于捕捉生活中的瞬间,而是更多地关注艺术表现的方式并努力掌控对作品的观看,导致“人为组构”影像的流行。


The third major event was the spread of conceptual photography. The introduction to the third issue of New Photo consisted of just one sentence: “When concept enters Chinese photography, it is as if a window suddenly opens in a room that has been sealed for years. We can now breathe comfortably, and reach a new meaning of “'new photography.'” (original boldface). Following this trend, photographers placed concept and discourse above representation,conducting artistic experiments to deconstruct reality. No longer interested in capturing meaningful moments in life, they focused instead on the manner of artistic expression, and fought hard to control the situation within which their works were viewed. These new practices lead to the wide popularity of constructed images.



[ OCAT深圳馆 | 展览解析#3 ]  实验摄影(1990-2006),深圳馆,实验,#3,OCAT,摄影家,合剂,潮流,东村,出版物,二维码
[ OCAT深圳馆 | 展览解析#3 ]  实验摄影(1990-2006),深圳馆,实验,#3,OCAT,摄影家,合剂,潮流,东村,出版物,二维码
[ OCAT深圳馆 | 展览解析#3 ]  实验摄影(1990-2006),深圳馆,实验,#3,OCAT,摄影家,合剂,潮流,东村,出版物,二维码
[ OCAT深圳馆 | 展览解析#3 ]  实验摄影(1990-2006),深圳馆,实验,#3,OCAT,摄影家,合剂,潮流,东村,出版物,二维码
[ OCAT深圳馆 | 展览解析#3 ]  实验摄影(1990-2006),深圳馆,实验,#3,OCAT,摄影家,合剂,潮流,东村,出版物,二维码

● “中国当代摄影四十年”展览现场(第三部分)

(来源于OCAT深圳馆)



 被唤醒的回忆 

中国当代摄影四十年(1976-2018)”开展以来,我们看到很多观众驻足在展厅中的某件作品前,为身边共同观展的人讲述着属于自己的那些“当年”。倘若有故事,如果可以,我们希望在此收集您的回忆。经过允许的部分,将被整理出来,作为展览的另一个维度回馈给大家。


☞ 点击阅读原文或扫描下方二维码留下故事

[ OCAT深圳馆 | 展览解析#3 ]  实验摄影(1990-2006),深圳馆,实验,#3,OCAT,摄影家,合剂,潮流,东村,出版物,二维码


正在展出

[ OCAT深圳馆 | 展览解析#3 ]  实验摄影(1990-2006),深圳馆,实验,#3,OCAT,摄影家,合剂,潮流,东村,出版物,二维码

中国当代摄影四十年(1976-2018)

40 YEARS OF 

CHINESE CONTEMPORARY PHOTOGRAPHY

2018.9.15 - 2018.12.9

OCAT深圳馆- A\B 展厅

Exhibition Halls A\B OCAT Shenzhen

第一部分 / Part One:

民间摄影社团和展览的浮起(1976-1979)

The Rise of Unofficial Photographic Groups and Exhibitions (1976–1979)

第二部分 / Part Two:

摄影新潮(1980-1989)

New Wave Photography (1980-1989)


OCAT深圳馆成立于2005年,位于华侨城创意文化园内,是OCAT馆群的总馆。作为馆群中成立最早的机

OCAT深圳馆成立于2005年,位于华侨城创意文化园内,是OCAT馆群的总馆。作为馆群中成立最早的机构,OCAT深圳馆长期致力于国内和国际当代艺术和理论的实践和研究。从开创至今,一直围绕着艺术的创作和思考而展开其策展、研究和收藏工作。

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